Make sure every image tells a story. Plan your image so that even a static image tells a story. It could be as simple as a person holding a toothbrush and looking at his teeth in the mirror. Or as complex as an two army's facing each other. Norman Rockwell, a master artist excelled at this. His pictures are famous because people were able to relate to his image's stories.
To quote Norman Rockwell, "On the whole it is far better to get a really good idea right at the start and stick to it rather closely than to flounder around with a second rate one, hoping that by some good fortune it can be improved. A poor idea at the beginning is almost certain to prove a flop in the end. And always the illustrator's work should proceed in accordance with a well thought out plan. A haphazard approach is practically certain to result in failure. Yet some young illustrators foolishly start work at once upon their canvas, blindly trusting to some kind providence to guide the arm. The canvas shouldn't be touched until one knows exactly what he wants to put on it and how."
This holds true today, except today most people are using a digital canvas. Serendipitous spontaneous drawing can also be fun to get those good ideas.
Maybe some people in a scene react to the main subject of the Image. Some might be indifferent or going about their own business, some might be astonished, some might have some expression that helps the story of the image. In some of his images, you notice several parts of the image that told a story and if that part wasn't there the viewer might not get what the artist had in mind.
The thermometer, cold breath, and snow all show that it's cold. The story is the man is checking the temperature and the picture needs those references to the cold.
The below tips are a summary of some youtube videos and of the Critique tutorials from cgboost.com below. Read these, and then watch the videos. You'll be a better artist if you do.
Use sized objects for reference, say a huge robot needs little cars, or small birds for scale reference.
Select a perspective that’s epic. An example maybe For big objects, a low person eye view.
Check your image levels. Tweak so black and white indicators to where there are actual values, Modify so the image pops better.
Lighting. Make sure objects in the scene support the lighting direction, for mood.
Like a stage in a show has all the lights focused on the main characters your image should be bright where the main character is, and slightly darker in other areas to help accentuate or make your eye look at the main character first, if that's your goal, or maybe the opposite to tell a different aspect of the story of the image.
For balance, Correct the size of objects in the composition for readability, and story telling.
Tilt objects in an image to add a feeling of direction of where objects are going and or relationships to other objects in the image.
Remove objects that don't help tell the story of the image.
Add objects that support the story for better readability.
Add in an object that might give the main subject a purpose in the image, to help with story telling.
Add glows and lighting to separate objects from the background for more readability, especially if the objects are similar colors, lighting will differentiate between them, and can also establish mood.
Add in foreground objects only if that helps tell the story. An example is a man waving in a helicopter a landing area. If you make the helicopter bigger in relation to a man in the foreground, then the helicopter is the main focus of the story of that image. If the man is bigger, then that makes that person have more weight in the image. An equal of similar size means they both have equal importance. (That doesn't help tell a story in most cases) Sometimes the size of objects are just to direct the eye from one to another part of the image for storytelling. If this is the case a small object that is bright in color or that makes you look at that part of the image (and hopefully tells you about that part of the story in the image) while the main focus your eye travels to is the main part of the story, usually the bigger object.
When looking at an idea you drew or thought of Sometimes cropping an image helps remove parts that are dead space, so you can focus on the part of the image that is important.
The first part of an image you look at should tell you what the image is about immediately, and where your eyes look next should help tell a story. If you do the opposite the image will have a very different feel, like a mystery. If not done correctly the image won't be inspiring or dynamic.
Adjust the composition to remove negative space areas, move characters closer to show relationships or further.
Lines in the image help guide the eyes to the characters. So horizon lines, building lines, etc guide the eye to the subject.
Move objects to an area in the composition that doesn't block other objects so you can read the main object and then also read the object that was behind that one. If an object blocks another object only do so if that adds to the story of the image. To help focus where the eye focuses on.
Angle an object so it points toward another object to suggest a relationship between the two
Keep styles in the image similar. Cartoony objects or realistic
Change the camera angle to affect the mood. Lower ground eye view to make objects look bigger, aerial shots for establishing shots maybe.
Change the pose of the character to match what the character is. Also to telegraph his or her or it's intention.
To make an image look more cozy add framing elements, like trees in a forest. Or to tell a different story, the design of the enemy monsters in a scene where the main character is surrounded helps frame the image and guide your eye.
If the image has a lot of noise, simplify complicated parts of the image,, Then the eye can focus on the story of the image, moving from one part to the next. Try to ground an image. Follow the rule of thirds.
Cg Guru has a great understanding of what makes a good image as well.
This article below helps further this concept
Below are several Youtube videos from cgboost that are excellent examples of how to make your images tell a story. (Zack from cgboost.com is a genius)
His insights show you what you need to be thinking to be a successful artist.